Bending the Curve: Juvenile Corrections Reform in Texas
1 Data provided by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department (July 2012).
2 Texas Youth Commission, Annual Report (FY2002), http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/archive/annual_rpt02/section2/p12_construction.html.
3 See, for example, Nate Blakeslee "Hidden in Plain Sight," Texas Observer (Feb. 23, 2007); and Ralph Blumenthal "Citing Abuses, Texas Governor Ousts Leader of Youth Agency," The New York Times (Feb. 23, 2007).
4 Senate Bill 103. http://www.legis.state.tx.us/billlookup/text.aspx?LegSess=80R&Bill=SB103
5 Texas Juvenile Probation Commission Annual Report to the Governor and Legislative Budget Board. Juvenile Probation Appropriations, Riders and Special Diversion Programs, p. 38 (December 2011), http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/publications/reports/RPTOTH201202.pdf.
6 Texas Administrative Code, Title 37, Part 11, Chapter 346, Subchapter B, Rule §346.202, http://info.sos.state.tx.us/pls/pub/readtac$ext.TacPage?sl=R&app=9&p_dir=&p_rloc=&p_tloc=&p_ploc=&pg=1&p_tac=&ti=37&pt=11&ch=346&rl=202. Note, the Commitment Reduction Program is also known as Grant C–Community Corrections Diversion Program. See, for example, http://www.house.state.tx.us/_media/pdf/committees/reports/81interim/House-Committee-on-Corrections-Interim-Report-2010.pdf. The summary of grant requirements is available online: http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/publications/standards/Grants12/TJPCGRANTSC.pdf.
7 Texas Juvenile Justice Department Commitment Grant C–Commitment Reduction Program Compliance Resource Manual, http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/publications/standards/Grants12/TJPCGRANTSCCRM.pdf.
8 Texas Juvenile Justice Department Annual Report to the Governor and Legislative Budget Board (December 2012), Community Juvenile Justice Appropriations, Riders and Special Diversion Programs, http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/publications/reports/AnnualReportFundingandRiders2012-12.pdf.
9 Texas Juvenile Probation Commission (2010), The risk and needs assessment tool: What statewide data reveal. PowerPoint presentation at the 2010 Data Coordinators Conference, Austin. http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/statistics/2010DataCoordConf/RiskAndNeedsAssessmentTool.pdf.
10 Senate Bill 653. legis.state.tx.us/billlookup/Text.aspx?LegSess=82R&Bill=SB653. Texas Juvenile Justice Department website: http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/
11 Texas Juvenile Justice Department (2012), Strategic Plan 2013-2017. Austin, TX. http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/publications/reports/TJJD%20Strategic%20Plan%20-%20FINAL%20-%20JULY%202012.pdf.
13 Data provided by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department (July 2012).
14 Sheffield (2008), McLennan (two-unit consolidation, 2011), Victory Field (2010), West Texas State School (2010), Crockett (2011), Ron Jackson Unit II (2011), and Al Price (2011). Texas Juvenile Justice Department communication. See also, http://www.tjjd.texas.gov/programs/facility_openings.aspx.
15 Texas Department of Public Safety’s Annual Report of 2011 UCR Data Collection: Crime in Texas 2011 Overview (p. 2) http://www.txdps.state.tx.us/director_staff/public_information/2011CIT.pdf.
16 Texas Legislative Budget Board, Statewide Criminal and Juvenile Recidivism and Revocation Rates (January 2013). http://www.lbb.state.tx.us/Public_Safety_Criminal_Justice/RecRev_Rates/Statewide%20Criminal%20Justice%20Recidivism%20and%20Revocation%20Rates2012.pdf.